Difficulty: Moderate; slippery rocks and narrow path at very end of trail
Access: Trailhead on Skyline Drive; Shenandoah National Park entrance fee required
South River Falls, an eighty-foot drop, is one of the tallest and most impressive waterfalls in Shenandoah National Park, something I didn't realize the first time I visited. I first hiked this trail during September, when it was so dry that even an overnight thunderstorm couldn't restore any of the South River's flow. However, my later return trips helped me to appreciate the waterfall a lot more. I'll describe my first two trips to the falls; the first trip was done as a loop of the South River Trail to the fire road, a descent to the base of the waterfall by the fire road and a rocky footpath, and a return along the South River Fire Road and the AT. The second trip was a round trip to the base of the falls on the South River Trail both ways.
Last September, I managed to talk one of my friends into driving me to Shenandoah for a hike, so I arrived at the park on a Friday morning with two friends after a morning of intense thunderstorms. There was incredibly thick fog on the way up, which made driving on Route 33 through forest and pastureland almost dreamlike. At Hensley Hollow Overlook, the fog drifted up to and engulfed the Drive- it was quite magical.
It was also a little warm and muggy when we set out downhill from the trailhead at the South River Picnic Area, which is just four miles north of the Swift Run Gap entrance. The trail descended fairly steeply down the side of the mountain, switchbacking a couple of times to reach the South River. The river was almost entirely dry despite the overnight rain. The trail was incredibly verdant and mushrooms popped up all over the ground.
|South River in fog|
|South River Falls from the overlook|
|South River Falls from the base|
On a rainy Friday in March, the last day of classes before spring break, I decided to tack on a hike before going home. Due to the rain, I could only find one friend who was willing to hike with me; we set out from Charlottesville mid-afternoon and battle traffic to get to the trailhead an hour and a half before sunset.
I wanted to revisit South River Falls, partly because I hadn't seen it in full water, partly because it was very close to the park entrance at Swift Run Gap. Our car was the only one in the South River Picnic Area lot when we started downhill. As on my previous trip, fog had a prominent place in our hike. Rain was intermittent as we made our way down the switchbacks and along the river.
|Fog in the forest during the descent|
The ground was much wetter this trip than the previous time I had hiked it. South River was quite muscular by the time we reached a rocky portion of trail right above the falls. When we reached the overlook, I was astonished at how beautiful the waterfall was in full flow. The entirety of the waterfall was visible now: the lack of foliage allowed us to see the base of the waterfall.
|View of South River Falls|
As we made our way down the fire road, I noticed many things that I hadn't known before: for instance, to the left of the fire road, there is a tumbling stream that has many cascades on its way down to the South River. We made our way up the footpath to the foot of the falls, which branch in two halfway through their descent. Standing at the very base of the waterfall, I was drenched by mist. The rainstorm had kept all other visitors away, so my friend and I had the amazing spectacle to ourselves.
We hung out around the waterfall until 6 PM, when we realized the sun was setting. By the time we had returned to the overlook, it was dark. As we began the final leg of the ascent, we found that our headlamps were useless due to an incredibly thick fog with five to ten-foot visibility, so we turned off our lamps and wandered back to the trailhead in the dark. There was something mysterious but reassuring about the darkness of the Blue Ridge woodlands at night- mysterious because there was some quality of the woods at night that was unknown to me, a sort of feel that is different from the woods in daytime- and reassuring because I was glad that there are still places in the world where such a quality can be found.
|South River Falls|
Getting home was fun: when we got in my car, I thought my windows were fogged up an proceeded to wipe them from both the inside and the outside; when nothing improved, my friend opened a door and shined a light outside and we realized that the real problem was the 5-foot visibility in the fog. This made for a fun 10 mph drive through thick fog on Skyline Drive on the way down the mountain.
A few notes on the geology: South River Falls and the gorge of the river are both cut into Catoctin greenstone, found at all of the major waterfalls in the park. The rock around the trail here is mostly of that single formation, so there is less of note here than on some other trails.